What is HTML5?
HTML5 is the latest standard for HTML.
HTML5 is a web markup language that allows developers to build rich web-based apps that can run on any device via a regular web browser. Imagine the power of HTML4 that currently powers most of the web combined with interactive rich-media multimedia capabilities of Adobe Flash and you have HTML5.
This post is part of the Why Study Series:
- Why Study Web Design
- Why Study WordPress
- Why Study HTML5
- Why Study CSS3
- Why Study Mobile Website Design
- Why Study jQuery
- Why Study PHP
The previous version of HTML, HTML 4.01, came in 1999, and the internet has changed significantly since then.
HTML5 was designed to replace both HTML 4, XHTML, and the HTML DOM Level 2.
It was specially designed to deliver rich content without the need for additional plugins. The current version delivers everything from animation to graphics, music to movies, and can also be used to build complicated web applications.
HTML5 is also cross-platform. It is designed to work whether you are using a PC, or a Tablet, a Smartphone, or a Smart TV.
So, why is HTML5 the next big thing?
If there was one programming language I’d recommend to learn for the long-term, it is HTML5. While native apps currently have a significant edge in form and functionality, HTML5 has all of the hallmarks of a disruptive technology. It is cheaper to develop with and allows for cross-platform compatibility on all devices. Over time, HTML5 will get better and better and take bigger chunk of the mobile application market.
It will not happen in next year, but in the next 3-5 years HTML5 will become the standard programming language for the web. HTML5 will make content on the web much more interactive. With the power of HTML5, a website will be able to have the same functionality and features as a native app on iOS or Android. It will also allow new forms of monetization that have not been possible before and it will likely revive the online content publishing industry by making it easier for publishers to make it money.
If you can add HTML5 development to your skills as well, you will be on the cutting edge of web development.
HTML5 – New Features
Some of the most interesting new features in HTML5 are:
- The <canvas> element for 2D drawing
- The <video> and <audio> elements for media playback
- Support for local storage
- New content-specific elements, like <article>, <footer>, <header>, <nav>, <section>
- New form controls, like calendar, date, time, email, url, search
Why You Should Start Learning HTML5
Take a look at this graph and try to guess what it represents:
It could be Apple’s stock price (which has been steadily growing for the past eight years). But no, these are actually search inquiries for “html5” on Google. It is clear that HTML5 is one of the hottest buzz words in the business.
Now take a look at this graph:
This is again a Google Trends report of search queries. The blue is still “html5” and the red is “Adobe Flash”. This helps to put things in perspective: even with all the buzz around it, most of us still use flash websites about 99% of the time. However, this is about to change and it will have major effects on anyone in the digital video space.
“You shouldn’t learn anything but HTML5.”
Without getting too deep into the professional jargon, here are some good reasons (along with some beautiful examples) that demonstrate why HTML5 is the future of the web:
No 3rd party API
This is a crucial issue. In order to explain this, try to think about the web as an ocean in which we, the users, surf. In the current HTML waters we keep changing surfboards. If we want to view a movie on Netflix we need Silverlight, for YouTube we require Flash, other sites may use QuickTime. These surfboards only allow specific types of surfing (is surfing on a tablet really that different?) and they also occasionally break. In the HTML5 world surfboards are obsolete. Here, the browser is the only surfboard one needs and it offers all the surfing maneuvers imaginable
Now that the browser makers are freed from 3rd part constraints, they can create what Steve Jobs would call “insanely great” products. At the end of the day, the growing competition between browser vendors creates innovation that benefits users.
Better Video Streaming
As more and more people watch television online, we want our web browsers to be able to stream it as quickly and smoothly as possible. With HTML5 we will get a seamless video experience across all devices. Another plus is the ability to create rich video experiences like in Arcade Fire’s fantastic clip.
Better Mobile Support
with HTML5 you are able to stream any video on all mobile devices and it also allows multiple streams. Apple is currently limiting its devices to stream one video at a time, but with stronger processors and HTML5, tablets will be able to stream two videos side-by-side. HTML5 also makes it easier to view websites on mobile devices and use all their functionalities.
Better Interactivity and Graphics
HTML5 allows users to modify web changes very easily. This creates endless possibilities for games and web design. Here is a good example.
HTML5 can pinpoint your location without relying on GPS. In other words, locating the nearest post office or cinema is going to become much easier but that is just beginning. Wouldn’t it be nice to get real-time offers from businesses based on your location?
However, there are some (minor) challenges for HTML5. Most importantly, the industry is trying to agree on a DRM standard that will enable big companies to upgrade their video experience knowing that the content is protected. Microsoft, Google and Netflix have recently suggested a way to add encrypted media extensions to the spec. Other challenges include mobile device support and browser support, but overall there has been much improvement in these two areas.
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This class provides you with the concepts and skills to use HTML5 and CSS3 effectively. You get hands-on training working with basic through advanced techniques to get the most out of your experience. You will learn how to use HTML5 and CSS3 to improve your current web design skill-set.
This class also provides the web professional with the ability to control the rendering, e.g. fonts, colours, leading, margins, typefaces, and other aspects of style of a web document without compromising its structure using Cascading Style Sheets.